Chapter 1: And Away We Go: An AI Overview
Chapter 2: Why Now? A History of AI
Chapter 3: Classical Models: Old-School Machine Learning
Chapter 4: Neural Networks: Brain-Like AI
Chapter 5: Convolutional Neural Networks: AI Learns to See
Chapter 6: Generative AI: AI Gets Creative
Chapter 7: Large Language Models: True AI at Last?
Chapter 8: Musings: The Implications of AI
Appendix A: Resources
Appendix B: Glossary
How AI Works
Artificial intelligence is everywhere—from self-driving cars, to image generation from text, to the unexpected power of language systems like ChatGPT—yet few people seem to know how it all really works. How AI Works unravels the mysteries of artificial intelligence, without the complex math and unnecessary jargon.
- The relationship between artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning
- The history behind AI and why the artificial intelligence revolution is happening now
- How decades of work in symbolic AI failed and opened the door for the emergence of neural networks
- What neural networks are, how they are trained, and why all the wonder of modern AI boils down to a simple, repeated unit that knows how to multiply input numbers to produce an output number.
- The implications of large language models, like ChatGPT and Bard, on our society -- nothing will be the same again
AI isn’t magic. If you’ve ever wondered how it works, what it can do, or why there’s so much hype, How AI Works will teach you everything you want to know.
“A tour de force of the rich history of artificial intelligence, from the early perceptions and symbolic systems to large language models such as ChatGPT. For beginners, it demystifies AI and is a perfect resource to get up to date with more than six decades of research and development. For those versed in AI, it serves as an invaluable tool to fill knowledge gaps. Even AI experts will gain a fresh perspective, enhancing their understanding and ability to articulate complex concepts."
—Ben Dickson, Software Engineer, Editor of TechTalks
"Kneusel does a superb job of explaining the evolution and intricacies of artificial intelligence with a combination of clarity and wit—presenting the information in a way that is engaging and accessible. Anyone who wants to understand the concepts of artificial intelligence, as well as its limitations and possible pitfalls along with the tremendous potential it has to transform technology and society over time should read How AI Works."
—Tony Bradley, Editor-in-Chief, TechSpective
“A friendly and personal peek behind the curtain of modern AI. Ronald T. Kneusel tells the story of how the field grew, and surveys the ideas that are powering the AI revolution. From this book, you'll learn not only how AI works today, but its limits, its capabilities, and where it might take us tomorrow.”
—Andrew Glassner, Author of Deep Learning: A Visual Approach
"A must-read for anyone wishing to dig into AI without getting lost in the weeds. Kneusel has succeeded in explaining how AI works to a layperson like myself."
—Kenneth Gass, Honorary Curator of Geology, Milwaukee Public Museum
“After reading this book, I have a better understanding of the ML [machine learning] tools I have already used in my work, and a new appreciation and insight to how Large Language Models and future AI will likely change the domains in which I work. I recommend this book to anyone who works with software systems, including management, and anyone who just wants to know what AI actually does under the hood.”
—Daniel Kosey, CISSP, Cybersecurity Engineer